How Mariah Carey proved her literary prowess via lyrical allusions


Let’s get technical for a bit, shall we? Have you ever heard of the literary device called allusion? It is not the same as its more common homophone, illusion; allusion is when a writer refers to another commonly known work of art, literature, person, or historical event.

On the ballad “For the Record,” featured on 2008 album, E=MC 2 (which celebrates its 8th anniversary today), Mariah Carey uses this literary device. In the song, sung in the first person, she narrates her feelings to an ex-lover who “let [her] go” during a moment of apparent rekindling. It is an atmospheric, ethereal track and a standout, fan-favorite on its parent album.

Why? Well, because of its use of allusion. In the song’s bridge, Carey masterfully and cleverly uses the trick to allude to older works of art: her old songs! Not only does it make for a nostalgic moment, it shows her great lyrical skill and creativity. Not to mention, it’s also a clever spin on the song’s title to mention her older records. Here is the verse:

For the record
You’ll always be a part of me
No matter what you do
And for the record
Can’t nobody say
I didn’t give my all to you

And for the record
I told you underneath the stars
That you belong to me
For the record
It’s obvious that
We just can’t let go of us, honey

The bolded portions above are actually references to older Mariah songs: “Always Be My Baby” (1995), “My All” (1997), “Underneath the Stars” (1995), “We Belong Together” (2005), “Can’t Let Go” (1991) and “Honey” (1997). While its certainly a heartwarming ode to some of her biggest and best classics, she harkens back to these songs to recall the immense amounts of emotion that they exude. It helps drive the point home of how much she is, or was, in love with whoever she’s singing to. Or, you know, it’s all for pretend – it is art, after all – either way, it’s awesome. Also; this actually wasn’t the first time Mariah made an allusion in a song; can you name some others? (Leave your answers in the comments!)

For the record… not many singer-songwriters are clever enough to employ such a trick, nor can say they have written (nearly) every song they’ve ever recorded like Mariah Carey can. Only two songs written/recorded for films, and her covers, lack Carey’s name in the writing credits.

Now you know…


  1. Nayth

    April 15, 2016 at 5:52 pm

    Lullaby from the Charmbracelet album is another song where she aludes to other songs.

    • Vincent

      April 18, 2016 at 9:25 am

      Yessss! Precisely! Perhaps we’ll do another write up about the other songs!

  2. Yolanda Mallat

    April 17, 2016 at 4:47 pm

    Dos it firts on Charmbracelet álbum. Subttle invitation

  3. brandonreviewsblogB

    March 19, 2017 at 6:32 pm

    Only two songs written/recorded for films, and her covers, lack Carey’s name in the writing credits. What two songs written/recorded for films?

  4. Vincent

    March 26, 2017 at 11:18 am

    “When You Believe,” with Whitney, for the Prince of Egypt, and “All My Life,” written by Rick James, for Glitter.

    • Tijl

      May 1, 2017 at 5:50 pm

      Don’t forget about ‘Almost home’. I am curious to hear your opnion on that particular song Vincent.

      • Vincent

        May 16, 2017 at 6:01 pm

        Mariah actually has a writing credit for “Almost Home,” though she admitted she only added some things to the song. If memory serves me correctly I think she did the bridge, but I can’t recall right now.

        I think it’s a cute song, I like it; don’t love it or hate it.

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